City in Sky, Wuhan, China / AA-lab

天空之城,“给房子浇水了么?”,来自中国的先进建筑实验室

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先进建筑实验室再次尝试做预制体系和公民自建的模式,这次他们和一个儿童自然教育机
构合作,39个5-12岁的孩子是设计和建造的主体。项目历时三个月,周末工作营和建造。
尝试了原竹建筑的预制体系,用2平米的基础面积支撑起90平米的空间,其中还有两个竹
塔楼,是用原竹移栽的,会随着时间生长。

非常感谢AA-lab将项目介绍和项目图片授权gooood发行。
Appreciation towards AA-lab for providing the following description:

 

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建筑师:穆威、左颂玟(Sam Cho)、余辉
地点:中国武汉
责任建筑师:余辉
结构:原竹
建造:拉图尔自然生活39个家庭和先进建筑实验室学生志愿者
面积:100平方米
年份:2013
摄影:李晓,蒋蒋等

Architects: Mu Wei, Sam Cho, Yu Hui
Location: Wuhan, China
Architect In Charge: Yu Hui
Structure: natural bamboo
Contractor: 39 kids and families from Natur Organic Life, AaL volunteer students
Area: 100 sqm
Year: 2013
Photographs: Li Xiao, Jiang Jiang

 

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Planting Architecture/种植建筑

本次儿童建造活动由拉图尔自然生活组织,36个孩子和他们的父母参与了为期三个月的周
末建造工作营。

“天空之城”是一个实验建筑,或者说尝试用这样的一次建造来探索建筑的边界在何处,在我
们三十岁的时候。

很难说“天空之城”是一个房子或者建筑,因为在我眼中它是一座属于儿童的城市;很难
说“天空之城”是建筑师设计的,因为39个小小建筑师用草图和模型勾勒了他们心目当中的
设计;我甚至很难把它称作完全的人造物,因为鲜活的竹子是建筑一部分,让漂浮的城市
有着生长的可能。

 
This kids’ workshop is organized by Natur Organic Life, 36 children and their parents
participated in the 3-month workshop at weekend.

“City In Sky” is an experimental project. In other words, we’re trying to use such kind of
project to explore the boundary of architecture, when we are 30 years old.
 
It’s dubious to define “City In Sky” as a house or building. Because I regard it as a city
belongs to children; it’s also hard to tell “City In Sky” designed by a certain architect,
because 39 children, the “kid-architects” demonstrated the design in their minds by
sketching and modeling; I’m even not willing to see it as a complete artificiality. Due to
the alive bamboo as part of the structure, that makes it possible to allow the floating city
to grow.

 

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小时候,当我第一次伫立在中国的竹林之中,就开始幻想是否有这样的一个看不见的城市
悬浮其间?“天空之城”探索一种建筑的可能性:
1 材料和结构:活的竹子能否作为结构存在?
2设计主体:5-12岁的孩子是否具备空间的描述能力并实现出来?
3 建造方式:房子能否是种植出来的?结构构件能否轻盈到孩子可以参与建造?
4建筑和自然关系:建筑是造物么?还是经营自然的另一种物质呈现?

竹子是天才的结构材料,我们将活竹移栽成两个3米*3米*8米的房子,通过横向构件固定在
一起,作为空中露台和儿童活动室,同时竹子也是整个建筑景观的一部分。

我们用原竹作为建筑的主体结构,建筑被拆分成8个3米*3米的原竹结构单元,通过3平米
的基础面积获得90平米的建筑面积,底层倒金字塔形的结构让孩子们的房子悬浮在空中,
两个种植的建筑作为城市向上的空间原型。每个孩子建造自己的小房子,许多个房子在一
起经营出带有邻里关系的城市空间形态。

When I was a child, the first time I was standing in the bamboo forest, I began to imagine
if there would be an invisible city floating among the bamboo. So “City In Sky” provides
us with the potential possibilities of architecture:
1 Materials and Structures: Can alive bamboo be part of the structure?
2 Who can design: Do young children possess the ability to describe the architectural
space and make it real? 
3 The way of Construction: Can a building be built by planting? Are the structure
elements light enough to allow children to join on-site work?
4 Relationship between Architecture and Nature: Does architecture mean physical
creation?Or it can be another approach of materiality by operating nature?
 
Bamboo is an amazing material for structure. We transplant alive bamboo to make two
bamboo houses by 3m*3m*8m standards. Jointed and fixed by transverse components,
as open-air terraces and playroom for children, the bamboo houses are also part of the
whole architectural landscape.

We use natural bamboo as bear loading structure of “City In Sky”. The building is
separated into 8 bamboo structural units by 3m*3m standards. We create 90㎡ floorage
by using only 3㎡ foundation area. The inverted pyramid form makes the houses seem
floating in the air. Two “planted” building can be regarded as space prototype of upward
cities. Every kid could work on their own house. And the gathering of bamboo houses
make it a urban spatial form of neighborhood.

 

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2012年中国生产了全球60%的混凝土,消耗了全球42%的铝材,越来越少的建筑师懂得钢
筋混混凝土之外的建造方式,中国式的应试教育也让孩子的童年被更多的培训课程 充
斥,“天空之城”以建筑为主题,通过让孩子亲自参与建造和自然融为一体的房子,让孩子
们更真切地了解自然、工具、建造甚至生活本身。

让我引用卡尔维诺(Italo Calvino)的一段文字来表达这次建造的感受:

城市与天空 3
除了木板围墙、帆布屏障、足台、铁架、绳索吊着或者锯木架承着的木板、梯子和高架桥
之外,到莎克拉来的旅客只能看见城的小部分。如果你问,“莎 克拉的建筑工程为什么总
不能完成呢?”市民就会一边继续抬起一袋袋的材料、垂下水平锤、上下挥动长刷子,一边
回答说:“这么着,朽败就不可能开始。”如果 你追问他们是不是害怕一旦拆掉足台,城就
会完全倒塌,他们会赶紧低声说,“不仅仅是城哩。”
假使有人不满意这些答案而窥望围墙的裂缝,就会看见起重机吊着别些起重机、足台围着
别些足台、梁柱架起别些梁柱。“你们的建设有什么意义呢?”他问。“除非它是一个城,否
则建设中的城有什么目的呢?你们的计划、蓝图在哪里呢?”
“今天的工作干完之后,我们会让你看的;现在我们不能停下来,”他们回答。
工作在日落时停止,黑暗笼罩着工地。天上布满星星。“蓝图就在那里,”他们说
最近我给拉图尔自然生活的辰风发短信:房子有人维护么?给房子浇水了么?

“给房子浇水了么?”

这是描述这个建筑的最好方式吧。

In 2012, 60% global concrete production was contributed by in China, which consumed
42% aluminum material in the world. Fewer and fewer architects know how to build
besides using concrete and steel structure. Chinese exam-oriented education makes
children’s childhood occupied by extra-curricular training. Based on the theme of
architecture, by allowing children taking part to build the house blending with nature,
“City In Sky” makes it more vivid to help children understand the nature, tools, building
and even the real life itself.

I’d like to quote Italo Calvino to express my feeling about this workshop:

Cities and the Sky 3.
Those who arrive at Thekla can see little of the city, beyond the plank fences, the
sackcloth screens, the scaffoldings, the metal armatures, the wooden catwalks hanging
from ropes or supported by sawhorses, the ladders, the trestles. If you ask "Why is
Thekla's construction taking such a long time?" the inhabitants continue hoisting sacks,
lowering leaded strings, moving long brushes up and down, as they answer "So that it's
destruction cannot begin." And if asked whether they fear that, once the scaffoldings
are removed, the city may begin to crumble and fall to pieces, they add hastily, in a
whisper, "Not only the city."
If, dissatisfied with the answers, someone puts his eye to a crack in a fence, he sees
cranes pulling up other cranes, scaffoldings that embrace other scaffoldings, beams
that prop up other beams. "What meaning does your construction have?" he asks.
"What is the aim of a city under construction unless it is a city? Where is the plan you
are following, the blueprint?"
"We will show it to you as soon as the working day is over; we cannot interrupt our work
now," they answer.
Work stops at sunset. Darkness falls over the building site. The sky is filled with stars.
"There is the blueprint," they say.
One message I texted to Chenfeng from Natur Organic Life recently: someone
maintaining the house? Did you water the house?

“Did you water the house? ”

This might be the best way to describe the project.

 

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发表评论

27 评论

  1. 能生长的建筑·····这是个很好的点子···但从没人做成功过····

  2. 非常不错,看着有点小激动呢[笑]

  3. 这种让小朋友参与设计与建造的探索项目真的超赞呐

  4. 竹子还是青的时候就拿来做这个构筑物,等柱子干了以后会变形和开裂的。

  5. good ideal

  6. 特别好奇这样的项目的甲方是谁,赞助方式谁,建造资金怎么运作!有人知道吗?

  7. 想起自己曾经做过的系列小品名字也叫“天空之城"……感触很多啊~~~那群孩子真幸运,也许这样小小的举动会让他们未来的人生有所不同……

  8. 武汉也有实验性的建造了,赞!

  9. 柯布 不开心咧

  10. 最后一张图,我也笑了

  11. 好赞!!!好喜欢!!!!!!!!!!!!!最后一张图我就给呵呵了!!!哈哈哈~~

  12. 这个小建筑极具生态性和生长性,若干年之后,随着竹子的成长,其结构的作用欲强;另外也是对冷漠的现代的一种批判性探索。

  13. 这个想法真的很有创意

  14. 家乡也有好的构筑物作品了,赞一个!!!

  15. 非常喜欢

  16. 虽然有点危险隐患 但是实践的目的还是不错的 让建筑变的我们所认识的建筑之外 这样可以带来点新鲜血液吧。

  17. 非常有趣,不仅考虑了儿童的活动,还考虑了儿童的尺度感,还考虑了儿童的参与性,还考虑了柯布。。。

  18. 个人认为这是gooood上的最佳作品

  19. 大赞最后一张!

  20. 最后一张图亮了

  21. 想法真得很不错,呈现”原生态“建筑。

  22. 非常喜欢,现在越来越多的设计师逐步从关注儿童自身的喜好出发,进行儿童游乐场地交互设计,而不是为了游乐设施而购置现成的设备敷衍了事,力挺!!!

  23. zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz

    这是在武汉哪里??

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