Comprised of 7 residential towers, 12 semi-detached villas and integrated landscaping with recreation facilities, D’Leedon Located in the centre of Singapore’s District 10, D’Leedon, close to amenities of commercial and civic centres such as Dempsey Hill, Holland Village and Orchard Road as well as popular schools such as Nanyang Primary. With a covered walkway to Farrer Road MRT Station, the development is well connected to public transport links to Singapore’s CBD and Botanic Gardens and Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
The ground level is visualized as a very green layer, which takes advantage of the extraordinary flora of Singapore and its climate. The site levels are re-organized into a series of terraced plateaus to maximise the areas dedicated to communal amenities. Connectivity and navigation within the site and towards the surrounding city become driving elements for overall site organisation. Car circulation is minimised by routing the part of the main driveway into the basement level, creating a pedestrian-friendly landscape throughout the whole development.
Environmental considerations and the location along the equator determined the orientation of the towers along the East-West axis in order to minimize solar gain. Sustainable features are introduced to allow generation and re-use of energy on site and minimize its consumption. The development was awarded Gold+ for its design approach.
▽ 南北朝向的高层住宅以减少能源消耗，towers are oriented south and north in order to reduce energy consumption
The towers taper inwards as they reach the ground to optimize public space; a unique petal-shaped layout which allows for windows on three sides of the apartments to give the highest quality of living for all residents with cross-air flows to the living rooms and bedrooms – as well as natural ventilation in all kitchens and bathrooms; varied balcony geometries and the integrated landscaping all contribute to create a unique project defined by its site conditions and context.
▽ “花瓣”布局的比较，petal layout comparision
▽ 高层立面，tower elevations
▽ 高层住宅在接近地面的部分逐渐向内收缩，the towers taper inwards as they reach the ground
The orientation and placement of the buildings is optimized in response to environmental considerations of managing intense sunlight and to maximize views across Singapore. The landscape and its facilities are organised in bands that respond to the existing alignments of the main axis surrounding the site which. These primary axes are extended within the site to generate a series of lines that define different landscape themes, giving many diverse experiences throughout the whole site.
▽ 俯视主轴，the main axis in aerial view
The residential programme accommodates 1715 units, distributed in 7 towers and 12 semi-detached villas, developing a GFA of over 2,2 million sqft. The concentration of residential units in towers with small footprint creates the opportunity for a fantastic public space for the residents and visitors at the ground level.
▽ 半独立别墅，semi-detached villas
The towers are subdivided into ‘petals’ according to the number of residential units per floor enabling a very large diversity of apartments. The generative floor plan of the petal changes shape along the height of the tower in relation to the different configuration and type of residential units. The changing composition of unit type enables the towers to respond to a series of parameters dictated by site conditions, internal organization and structural optimization.
▽ 高层几何学研究，tower geometry studies
▽ 参数组成，parametric composition
▽ 多元的大厅平面，diverse tower lobby plans
D’Leedon’s design turns the challenges of the site to the advantage for residents, embrace the concept of differentiation and individuality, where single apartments have been customized and specifically designed according to their location and position within the site, as well as the requirements of the residents.
▽ 包含多种户型的高层平面，tower plans including various unit types
▽ 公寓内部户型图，sample 4 bedroom unit plan in the towers
从高层住宅“花瓣”式的形态结构到立面的垂直表达，以及相连的屋顶公寓和底层花园：通过在不同设计尺度具有高度差异性的个性化定制，项目为住户提供了多元的选择。结构的设计和分布包含了反映高层住宅的几何构成的设施，与“花瓣”的形式有着一定的连贯性。 Zaha Hadid Architects在D`Leedon这个项目中探究了大尺度住宅设计的新的可能，通过重新思考了设计的各个元素，将个体性、差异性和连贯性的概念融合在一起。
This customization creates a vibrant setting for the residents through high differentiation at different scales of design: from the towers ‘petal’ configuration to the vertical expression of the facades and the articulated sky penthouses and garden units at the base. The design and distribution of the structures housing the facilities recalls the tower geometries, based on petal patterns, in a coherent composition. With D’Leedon Zaha Hadid Architects explored new possibilities in large scale residential design, rethinking each element of the design and bringing together concepts of individuality, differentiation and continuity.
One of the strongest features of D’Leedon, where the benefits of a large scale development and the tower design have been maximized is the landscape, a real park which makes the project resemble a holiday destination resort where people can live year-round in the city centre of Singapore. The site has been divided in bundling bands generated by the tower positions, where each tower lands with an extended petal shape to create the private garden and the access features.
Water, lush vegetation, sports surfaces, urban plazas and green fields are the elements that characterise the landscape program. Each of them is dedicated a unique band inspired by the distinct components of mountain ranges: Rock, Forest, Water, Foothills and Meadow.
Each band has a different character and ambience, created by using a unique pallet of plant species and paving surfaces. The individuality of the bands is further enhanced through the spatial arrangement, lighting and differing facilities on offer. The effect of this striking landscape arrangement gives residents and visitors an unforgettable visual and spatial experience as they pass through the site.
Forming the central axis of the site this zone is a hive of activity and energy, this manifests itself in the form of numerous water features, pools (50m and 75m), Jacuzzis and children’s wet play pool. The water used in many forms, from still and reflective, to cascades and fountains. Water is also used to create several unique features such as waterfalls to negotiate the change in levels and natural ponds.
▽ 中轴，the central axis
Planting is provided to give dappled shade to the pools and consists of species that are naturally found by water. Strung along the water band are two clubhouses with multiple facilities, spa, a large gymnasium, retail areas, and restaurants.
▽ 泳池夜景，evening view
▽ 总平面，site plans
▽ 总剖面，site sections
▽ 别墅平面，villas plan
▽ 单栋别墅平面，villa C plans
▽ 单栋别墅剖面，villa C sections
Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects
Client Consortium: CapitaLand Residential, Hotel Properties, Morgan Stanley, Wachovia
Floor area: 2,200,000 sq. ft. (net) over seven towers
Site area: 840,049 sq. ft.
Height: 150m (36 storeys)
Number of units: 1,715 separate units (340 unique layouts)
Design: Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher
ZHA Project Directors: Michele Pasca di Magliano, Viviana Muscettola
ZHA Design Team: Ludovico Lombardi, Clara Martins, Loreto Flores, Stephan Bohne, Amita Kulkarni, Soomeen Hahm, Yung-Chieh Huang Kanop Mangklapruk, Marina Martinez, Andres Moroni, Juan Camilo Mogollon, Michael Rissbacher, Luca Ruggeri, Luis Miguel Samanez, Nupur Shah, Puja Shah, Muhammed Shameel, Shankara Subramaniam, Manya Uppal, Katrina Wong, Paolo Zilli, Andrea Balducci Caste, Kutbuddin Nadiadi, Effie Kuan, Helen Lee, Hee Seung Lee, Annarita Papeschi, Feng Lin, Bianca Cheung, Dominiki Dadatsi, Kelly Lee, Jeonghoon Lee, Hoda Nobakhti, Judith Wahle, Zhong Tian, Akhil Laddha, Naomi Chen, Jee Seon Lim, Line Rahbek, Hala Sheikh, Carlos S. Martinez, Arianna Russo, Peter McCarthy, Sevil Yazici, Sandra Riess, Federico Rossi, Eleni Pavlidou, Federico Dunkelberg, Evan Erlebacher, Gorka Blas, Bozana Komljenovic, Sophie Le Bienvenu, Jose M. Monfa, Selahattin Tuysuz, Edward Calver, Yung-Chieh Huang
ZHA Concept Team: Michele Pasca di Magliano, Vivivana Muscettola, Ta-Kang Hsu, Emily Chang, Helen Lee, Kelly Lee
Local Architect: RSP, Singapore
Structure: AECOM, Singapore
M&E: BECA, Singapore, Max Fordham, London (Concept)
Quantity Surveyor: Gardiner & Theobald, London
Landscape: ICN, Singapore, GROSSMAX, Edinburgh (Concept)
Lighting Design: LPA, Tokyo
Acoustic Engineering: Acviron, Singapore