Transformation of Orlysquare
Sloterdijk is located in the west side of the city and is part of the Business Park Westpoort. The Orlysquare is located in front of the station, which connects the station with the Hemboogstation. With the relocation of the tram and bus station the square lost most of its function and became an empty and abandoned surface with just concrete. In 2012 the Community of Amsterdam developed an area strategy to offer the mono-functional office area a new perspective. This consisted in improving the environmental climate for other functions such as housing, hotels, short-stay apartments and events. Also the construction of the new highway Westrandweg (A5) in 2013 contributed to a renewed dynamic in the area, which resulted in an increased accessibility.
The Orlysquare is a major hub in the area, where traffic from the city, from the harbour and from the business parks come together with the public transport-users at the node Sloterdijk. Goal of the transformation is creating a sustainable public space to invite users and future residents to meet and accommodate in the heart of the area. The design has been made in direct relationship with the adjacent Brettenpark. The green design refers to the natural character and the image of the plants in the area. The design not only offers recreational stay, but also space for bicycle parking, hotel and catering industry and small-scale events.
With this design there has been chosen to invest in the public space first, to make it more attractive for new developments. The design was made in consultation with all the stakeholders, as well as the Dutch Railway stations (NS) and Prorail. In the process there has also been given room for promoters to give a creative boost to the square.
▼点到点的步行道规划，the pedestrian design
The design is connecting two important components: the promenade and the green square. The promenade runs from the central hall at the station to the Hemboogstation and makes several offices in northern direction accessible. It is being used as a pedestrian route and functions as a balcony in front of the station with a view over the Brettenpark. Baked materials and small boulders pave the promenade. The Gleditsia trees, that have been reused in the square are forming a green roof that guides the stream of pedestrians. The green square is the place to be! With curving paths in the green, to sit and enjoy the sun and also direct routes from A to B cutting the planting. The location of the paths has been based on natural walking lines from and to the train station. A coincidence came by when designing it: it was snowing in Amsterdam which made the shortest walks visible. Two pavilions with terraces are located in the middle of the green. The paths are paved with concrete plates in game without confinement, which makes it possible for the planting and paving to get together.
▼步行道与景观的无边界设计，paths are paved with concrete plates in game without confinement
The starting point for the design of the plants is a reference to the native flora and fauna of the Brettenzone with, for example, June berries, hawthorn and purple moor grass. These native plants and small trees are not just for its beauty, but has been designed to attract people and animals as well. The design is a translation of a wildflower meadow made of multi stemmed small trees, botanical roses, grasses, perennials and bulbs. With that, 60% of the herbaceous plants are ornamental grasses. The planting has an attractive image throughout the year, that starts in the spring with the flowering of 30.000 bulbs, followed by the exuberant bloom of perennials in summer. In autumn and winter grasses determine the image. For not only the image is important, but also because of the green at the square, the square has been made rainproof. For part of the planting is on a viaduct or roof of a parking garage, there is a special construction of moisturizing underground panels. These sustainable panels make the plants grow in just 30cm of soil! Today the people enjoy the visiting of animals and the smell of blooming flowers.
▼绿地景观的多样性，the diversity of the planting design
The design facilitates 1000 bicycle parking places, that are strategically located at the entrances of the station and the main bicycle lanes to ensure people to go by bike and public transport instead of using vehicles. In addition there are parking places for scooters, taxi stands, a Kiss & Ride and parking places for touring cars. Also space has been created for a flower stall, a fish stall and a food truck at the Orlysquare.
▼配套自行车停放区，bicycle parking places
The transformation of the square contributes to the transformation from being a transient area to a part of the city one wants to stay. With the recent arrival of the cultural hotspot Bret, one of the pavilions, Sloterdijk isn’t just a place for tourists, but for all people of Amsterdam.
▼城市更新的过渡区，a transient area