非常感谢 华南理工大学建筑设计研究院 予gooood分享以下内容。更多关于他们：He Jingling and Architectural Design & Research Institute of SCUT on gooood . Appreciations towards Architectural Design & Research Institute of SCUT for providing the following description:
The Witness of Land
Unit 731 of the Japanese Imperial Army that invaded China was established in 1933, and committed crimes such as chemical and biological warfare and human experimentation. In August of 1945, on the eve of Japanese’s surrender, the 731 Unit bombed and destroyed a large portion of buildings before fleeing, forming the overall configuration of the current ruins. The site design of the ruins and the design of the Unit 731 Museum is the two main design tasks.
▼“倾覆”在地面之下的建筑，the main architecture is sinking under the ground
▼从东侧靠近建筑，approach to the building from east
由于城市的快速发展，现在遗址周围已经是哈尔滨平房中心区域，如何界定陈列馆范围与城市的关系就成为我们要解决的主要问题。首先，我们用绿地公园将遗址与周边的城市分离，缩小周围的空间形态与其形成的巨大反差，以期形成良好的过渡环境。其次，在场地内以保护原有遗迹为原则，设计专用导游线路，同时恢复 731 部队时期原有路网及周边的围墙作为场地设计的记忆框架，有选择性的还原已有的历史场景。
Due to rapid urbanization, the surrounding area around the ruins have became a central region for houses, hence, defining the relationship between Museum and the city is the major issue we need to solve with. Firstly, we formed a better transition of the environment by separating the ruins and surrounding city context with the use of greenbelt park, reducing the contrast between the Museum and surrounding spatial condition. Secondly, we design guided route for the visitors to explore the ruin. Our principle is to preserve the ruin as is while restoring particular sections to recreate the historical scenes of the period.
▼鸟瞰，bird’s eye view
The Exhibition Hall is located at the south east of the Japanese Imperial Army Headquarter. In order to reduce its height and the sense of existence, we sink the main building into the ground with submerged entrance to filter out the city. With this move, the square becomes a memorial site for public to assemble.
▼从北侧的日军本部大楼遗址看向陈列馆，view from the heritage of Japanese Imperial Army Headquarter
The building intervenes with the site quietly yet powerfully, creating a new atmosphere with the city. It is expressing the history of humanity with a quiet attitude.
▼消隐在空间中的建筑，具有仪式性的入口，the submerged entrance with Genius Loci
▼从南侧庭院看到的建筑，view from South Courtyard
▼冥思厅，Atrium of Meditation
▼室内望向北面通道，North Passage View for Corridor End
▼雪景中的陈列馆，The Exhibition Hall in Winterscape
▼首层平面，Ground Floor Plan
▼二层平面，Second Floor Plan
摄 影 师：姚力
Project site: Pingfang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, PRC
Design time: March, 2014- March, 2015
Complete time: August, 2015
Building Area: 9997m²
Client: The Exhibition Hall of Evidences of Crime committed by Unit 731 of the Japanese Imperial Army
Photographer: Yao li
Team Members: He Jingtang, Ni Yang, He Chili, He Xiaoxin, Liu Tao, Luo Menghao, Luo Wanjun, Lu Zhiwei, Su Hao, Yan Zhong, Wu Zhaohui, Wang Mingjie, Zhu Yuanzheng, Chen Mengjun